The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act. For instance, RTE is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009. However, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education. For instance, Children between the age of 6 to 14 years in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution. India became one of 135 countries to make education. In other words, a fundamental right of every child when the act came into force on 1 April 2010. The title of the RTE Act incorporates the words ‘free and compulsory’. Right to Education
In other words, ‘Free education’ means that no child, other than a child who has been admitted. By his or her parents to a school which is not supported by the appropriate Government. It shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her. From pursuing and completing elementary education. ‘Compulsory education’ casts an obligation on the appropriate Government and local authorities. To provide and ensure admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by all children in the 6-14 age group. With this, India has moved forward to a rights based framework that casts a legal obligation. The Central and State Governments to implement. This fundamental child right as enshrined in the Article 21A of the Constitution. In accordance with the provisions of the RTE Act.17. Right to Education
Present Act has its history in the drafting of the Indian constitution at the time of Independence. But is more specifically to the Constitutional Amendment of 2002 that included. The Article 21A in the Indian constitution making Education a fundamental Right. Therefore, This amendment, however, specified the need for a legislation to describe. The mode of implementation of the same which necessitated the drafting of a separate Education Bill. It is the 86th amendment in the Indian Constitution.
Central Advisory Board of Education
A rough draft of the bill was prepared in year 2005AD. It caused considerable controversy. Due to its mandatory provision to provide 25% reservation for disadvantaged children in private schools. The sub-committee of the Central Advisory Board of Education. Therefore, which prepared the draft Bill held this provision.Therefore, As a significant prerequisite for creating a democratic and egalitarian society. Indian Law commission had initially proposed 50% reservation for disadvantaged students in private schools.
On 7 May 2014, The Supreme Court of India ruled. That Right to Education Act is not applicable to Minority institutions. Right to Education
The bill was approved by the cabinet on 2 July 2009. Rajya Sabha passed the bill on 20 July 2009 and the Lok Sabha on 4 August 2009. It received Presidential assent and was notified as law on 26 August 2009. For instance, The Children’s Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act.
The law came into effect in the whole of India except the state of Jammu and Kashmir. From 1 April 2010, the first time in the history of India a law was brought into force by a speech. For instance, The then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
In his speech, Dr. Singh stated, “We are committed to ensuring that all children, irrespective of gender and social category, have access to education. An education that enables them to acquire the skills, knowledge, values and attitudes. Necessary to become responsible and active citizens of India. ” It now came into act in kashmir after it turned a union territory of India in 2019. Right to Education
The RTE Act provides for the right of children to free and compulsory. However, education till completion of elementary education in a neighbourhood school. It clarifies that ‘compulsory education’ means obligation of the appropriate government. To provide free elementary education and ensure compulsory admission, attendance and completion. Elementary education to every child in the six to fourteen age group. ‘Free’ means that no child shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges. Expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education. Right to Education
It makes provisions for a non-admitted child to be admitted to an age appropriate class.
It specifies the duties and responsibilities of appropriate Governments, local authority and parents. In providing free and compulsory education, and sharing of financial and other responsibilities between the Central and State Governments.
It lays down the norms and standards relating inter alia to pupil teacher ratios (PTRs). Buildings and infrastructure, school-working days, teacher-working hours. Right to Education
Therefore, It provides for rational deployment of teachers by ensuring. Rather than just as an average for the State or District or Block. However, ensuring that there is no urban-rural imbalance in teacher postings.
For instance, It also provides for prohibition of deployment of teachers for non-educational work. Therefore, decennial census, elections to local authority, state legislatures and parliament, and disaster relief.
For instance,it provides for appointment of appropriately trained teachers, i.e. teachers with the requisite entry and academic qualifications.
For instance, it prohibits (a) physical punishment and mental harassment; (b) screening procedures for admission of children; (c) capitation fee; (d) private tuition by teachers and (e) running of schools without recognition. Right to Education
Therefore, It provides for development of curriculum in consonance with the values enshrined in the Constitution. However, which would ensure the all-round development of the child, building. The child’s knowledge, potentiality and talent and making. The child free of fear, Trauma and anxiety through a system of child friendly and child centered learning.
The Act makes education a fundamental right of every child between the ages of 6 and 14. Specifies minimum norms in elementary schools. It requires all private schools(except the minority institutions) to reserve 25% of seats.The state as part of the public-private partnership plan). See Page 9 and Point no 4 of This Document.
Therefore, it also prohibits all unrecognised schools from practice, and makes provisions for no donation or capitation fees. No interview of the child or parent for admission. However, the Act also provides that no child shall be held back, expelled.
Therefore, Required to pass a board examination until the completion of elementary education. Therefore, this is also a provision for special training of school. For instance, Drop-outs to bring them up to par with students of the same age. Right to Education
For instance, the RTE act requires surveys that will monitor all neighbourhoods, identify children requiring education. Set up facilities for providing it. For instance, The World Bank education specialist for India, Sam Carlson, has observed. The RTE Act is the first legislation.
Therefore, In the world that puts the responsibility of ensuring enrolment, attendance and completion on the Government.
For instance, It is the parents’ responsibility to send the children to schools in the US and other countries. Right to Education
Therefore, the Right to Education of persons with disabilities until 18 years of age is laid down. Under a separate legislation- the Persons with Disabilities Act. A number of other provisions regarding improvement of school infrastructure, teacher-student ratio and faculty are made in the Act.